People with Dyslexia are ...

  • usually exceptionally smart.

  • usually very creative.

  • usually good at thinking in pictures.

  • usually able to think multi-dimensionally.

  • excellent at hands-on learning.

  • usually “outside the box” thinkers.

  • usually “big picture” thinkers.

Dyslexia Is ...

  • both a challenge and a gift

  • a way of thinking that one can control

  • something that one can receive help with

  • something that one needs to get to the root of

  • something to be proud of

 

Hearing and Speech

  • Has extended hearing; hears things not said or apparent to others; easily distracted by sounds.

  • Difficulty putting thoughts into words; speaks in halting phrases; leaves sentences incomplete; stutters under stress; mispronounces long words, or transposes phrases, words, and syllables when speaking.

Writing and Motor Skills

  • Trouble with writing or copying; pencil grip is unusual; handwriting varies or is illegible.

  • Clumsy, uncoordinated, poor at ball or team sports; difficulties with fine and/or gross motor skills and tasks; prone to motion-sickness.

  • Can be ambidextrous, and often confuses left/right, over/under.

Math and Time Management

  • Has difficulty telling time, managing time, learning sequenced information or tasks, or being on time.

  • Computing math shows dependence on finger counting and other tricks; knows answers, but can’t do it on paper.

  • Can count, but has difficulty counting objects and dealing with money.

  • Can do arithmetic, but fails word problems; cannot grasp algebra or higher math.

Memory and Cognition

  • Excellent long-term memory for experiences, locations, and faces.

  • Poor memory for sequences, facts and information that has not been experienced.

  • Thinks primarily with images and feeling, not sounds or words (little internal dialogue).

Behavior, Health, Development, and Personality

  • Extremely disorderly or compulsively orderly.

  • Can be class clown, trouble-maker, or too quiet.

  • Had unusually early or late developmental stages (talking, crawling, walking, tying shoes).

  • Prone to ear infections; sensitive to foods, additives, and chemical products.

  • Can be an extra deep or light sleeper; bedwetting beyond appropriate age.

  • Unusually high or low tolerance for pain.

  • Strong sense of justice; emotionally sensitive; strives for perfection.

  • Mistakes and symptoms increase dramatically with confusion, time pressure, emotional stress, or poor health.

General

  • Appears bright, highly intelligent, and articulate but unable to read, write, or spell at grade level.

  • Labeled as lazy, dumb, careless, immature, “not trying hard enough,” or “behavior problem.”

  • Isn’t “behind enough” or “bad enough” to be helped in the school setting.

  • High in IQ, yet may not test well academically; tests well orally, but not written.

  • Feels dumb; has poor self-esteem; hides or covers up weaknesses with ingenious compensatory strategies; easily frustrated and emotional about school reading or testing.

  • Talented in art, drama, music, sports, mechanics, story-telling, sales, business, designing, building, or engineering.

  • Seems to “Zone out” or daydream often; gets lost easily or loses track of time.

  • Has difficulty sustaining attention; seems “hyper” or “daydreamer.”

  • Learns best through hands-on experience, demonstrations, experimentation, observation, and visual aids

Vision, Reading and Spelling

  • Complains of dizziness, headaches or stomach aches while reading.

  • Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations.

  • Reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions, omissions, substitutions, and reversals in letters, numbers and/or words.

  • Complains of feeling or seeing non-existent movement while reading, writing, or copying.

  • Seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don’t reveal a problem.

  • Extremely keen sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception and peripheral vision.

  • Reads and rereads with little comprehension.

  • Spells phonetically and inconsistently.

General

  • Appears bright, highly intelligent, and articulate but unable to read, write, or spell at grade level.

  • Labeled as lazy, dumb, careless, immature, “not trying hard enough,” or “behavior problem.”

  • Isn’t “behind enough” or “bad enough” to be helped in the school setting.

  • High in IQ, yet may not test well academically; tests well orally, but not written.

  • Feels dumb; has poor self-esteem; hides or covers up weaknesses with ingenious

  • compensatory strategies; easily frustrated and emotional about school reading or testing.

  • Talented in art, drama, music, sports, mechanics, story-telling, sales, business, designing, building, or engineering.

  • Seems to “Zone out” or daydream often; gets lost easily or loses track of time.

  • Has difficulty sustaining attention; seems “hyper” or “daydreamer.”

  • Learns best through hands-on experience, demonstrations, experimentation, observation, and visual aids

Vision, Reading, and Spelling

  • Complains of dizziness, headaches or stomach aches while reading.

  • Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations.

  • Reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions, omissions, substitutions, and reversals in letters, numbers and/or words.

  • Complains of feeling or seeing non-existent movement while reading, writing, or copying.

  • Seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don’t reveal a problem.

  • Extremely keen sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception and peripheral vision.

  • Reads and rereads with little comprehension.

  • Spells phonetically and inconsistently.

37 Common Characteristics of Dyslexia

From  Test for Dyslexia – 37 Common Traits
© 1992 by Ronald D. Davis; Used with Permission

- Albert Einstein (gifted with Dyslexia)

"Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.”

Leonardo Da Vinci

“Art is never finished, only abandoned."

Benjamin Franklin

“Either write something worth reading or do something worth writing.”

Pablo Picasso

"Inspiration exists, but you have to find it working."

Agatha Christie

“Very few of us are what we seem.”

John F. Kennedy

"Only those who dare to fail greatly can ever achieve greatly."

Steve Jobs

“Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice."

Famous People

Gifted with Dyslexia